Manual or Automatic?

Manual or Automatic?

Aug 29, 2014

As technology evolves so does the user.  The problem, however, is after a while, the user tends to become reliant on the technology.  For example, I remember when I was handed my first pulse oximeter.  It was a great new toy that I added to my BLS bag.  Boy, I thought, what did I do before I had this neat little machine?  The answer was simple though, I looked at my patient, assessed their capillary refill, and their work of breathing.  As my career has progressed, I have become less and less dependent on pulse oximetry and more dependent on my assessment.  But this post is not about pulse oximeters, it is about automatic blood pressure cuffs.

Have you ever walked in to an emergency room bay with an agitated, hypoxic patient and turned them over to the ER staff, and seen them slap on an automatic cuff only to get a reading of 160/120?  What do they do then?  Document it and move on with their treatment.  Is that BP true?  Probably not, since your ears got 140/90 the whole way to the hospital.  The fact is, many ERs that I have been in have become reliant on their auto cuffs, and EMS is following in suit.

LP-15’s, the Zoll X-Series, the new Phillips monitors, they all come equipped with auto cuffs and personally, I have never found one that I liked.  In a 15 minute transport time, especially when I am giving medications, I would much rather take a blood pressure with my own ears than rely on a machine that in my experience, more times than not gives me an inaccurate reading.

Some people have developed a system for using their auto cuffs.  If the BP is close to the one they got manually, they’ll go with it.  But what happens when you are bouncing down the highway with a chest pain patient giving nitroglycerine to a chest pain patient?  Are they still hemodynamically stable or did that second sublingual bottom their pressure out? You might think you have the full story, but that auto cuff could be lying to you.

The reasons for an inaccurate reading on an auto cuff are almost endless.  It could be the quality of the ambulance ride or the patient moving too much, or even poor cuff placement.  It could also be the type of tubing that your monitor uses, whether it is coiled or a straight line.  I have seen so many variables, but far too often, I do not see consistent enough results for me to be able to hang my hat on an auto cuff BP.

I know what some of you are probably thinking: is SBK being resistant to change?  Not at all.  Actually, I am advocating for an assessment technique that is far superior to a mechanical substitute that we have been presented with.  Taking a blood pressure is quick and easy and even if you have difficulty hearing it, palpating a pressure can give you a close enough ballpark number to know what is going on with your patient.

I am sure that many will disagree with me.  Our sales rep for our monitors at our service swears by the quality of the auto cuffs he sold us, but in reality, that is his job.  From a personal stance though if there is an auto cuff on my monitor, leave it packed away.

And more importantly, if you are a medic student on my truck, don’t even think about touching it!

  • Lee Hart Jr.

    I have used both at the same time. I do not have a real issue with the automatics, but I will never ever give up my manual bp cuff. The manual bp cuff allows me the oppurtunity to listen to the beat and fell the pulse. I can also use the bp cuff as a pressure dressing if needed. An automatic cuff cannot do this. Also, the manual cuff is smaller and easier to carry. The manual needs no batteries either, just pump and listen and read. So many times I see new medics use the automatics, and never touch the patient. The medic never gets a feel of the patient skin temp, if the patient skin is sweating or dry. I still prefer the old ways of doing things sometimes…….That is all, have a good day.